The Database in Etruria

Who doesn’t like Christian allegory? Who doesn’t like mythology and facsimile decks and virtues and elements? Not me.


Today I am looking at the Ancient Minchiate Etruria published by Lo Scarabeo. It is a reproduction of 41 Major Arcana and 56 Minor Arcana from a Minchiate deck printed in Florence in 1725. There was an actual Minchiate game but it seems to have left the popularity charts just before World War II. Mythology that was once very familiar to people is not so familiar to us, nor is Christian allegory; two facts which might explain why people don’t play it much today.

It is a bit confusing to figure out the images. I bought Brian Williams’s excellent Minchiate Tarot deck and book, and even he gets it wrong sometimes. I caught him out on card XXIX when he described the pig as a possible pet. Actually I believe it refers to a labour of Hercules. I discovered this when studying this card in my Two Testaments of Terra Lucida study, where I use the Minchiate with the Bible. Nothing better to puzzle something out.

The game was created around 1530 and they dropped the Papesse from the tarot trumps and added 20 new trumps between the Tower and the Star. Virtues of Hope, Prudence, Faith, and Charity; the four elements of Fire, Water, Earth, and air; and the twelve signs of the zodiac in mixed order. In the matter of order, they use Temperance, Fortitude, and Justice as virtues too, and for Christian order they have Faith, Hope, and Charity (theological or heavenly virtues) higher than the cardinal virtues of Prudence, Temperance, Fortitude, and Justice.

We are taught today by the Church (particularly fundamentalist cults), that astrology is evil as are the signs of the zodiac, but back in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, it was their Science and quite acceptable even for Christians. In this deck the zodiacal cards are next to The Star which makes sense. I personally have no interest in astrology but the signs of the zodiac are steeped in mythology, and that I am interested in.

I didn’t realize this but if you look at the examples of cards below, instead of showing curved Swords as was usual in such decks as the Marseille Tarot, this uses a Portuguese standard with straight swords. The other thing about the pips in this deck is that they are readily discernible from each other, which I don’t find with Marseille decks where the batons and swords almost look the same to me unless I’m being careful.

For an example of the Coins suit I used the Ace which is gorgeous. When I put this deck in the database I only had time to put four cards in as placeholders, so I went back today and scanned sixteen cards so I have a full example. The fluidity of the database is compelling.

(Click to enlarge)


It’s a beautiful deck, with soft, antique-y colouring and the original paper-wrapped borders are reproduced too which makes it feel very special, very old. Imagine wrapping the paper backing onto the front of cards and gluing it? No wonder they were expensive and fragile.

A good deck to have, and paired with the Minchiate Tarot (Brian Williams) it is fantastic to explore and meander. Honestly, they are a bit involved which is why I don’t do it regularly, but I have really enjoyed studying these cards by picking random passages with my NIV Quest Study Bible and putting them together. The study bibles have all sorts of fascinating annotations in the margins, that really make history come alive.

I like to take disparate things and put them together and this deck is so close to the Bible in many respects because of the Christians who created the cards and wove the old allegories into them. All the quaint old stories come alive.

Wicked Absalom!


Ace of Pentacles/Coins Across Decks

I saw in my statistics page that someone had come to my site searching for images of the Ace of Coins. I thought to myself that this might make an excellent study.

Danger, danger, hours later after searching through dozens of decks and scanning, adjusting, rotating and labelling in Photoshop, I’m a bit punchy. When you’re in a funk, nothing helps like a bit of sorting, categorization, and organization. This was more than a bit, but hey it made for a keenly interesting day.

Dealing mostly with the Rider-Waite model (here used in the Universal Waite deck) I decided that there were three kinds of imagery with this card: the classic “hand of God” approach; the figurative approach related to the theme like in the Golden Tarot; and the pattern and shape decorated or changed similar to a pip in transformation playing cards, like in this marvelous Ace of Pentacles in the Sun and Moon.

In this study I am ignoring the figurative approach, and looking more at the other two.






I don’t see too many people using the Fradella deck but it’s one of my favourites.

















I’ve talked about that Universal Fantasy card before, it reminds me so much of an old brooch.

So that’s it, about 8 hours of work and 39 decks!



Love the Body, Sayeth Ezekiel

Daily Draw – December 5th, 2012

Hah, the fifth of the month and I get the fifth card, which in the Minchiate is similar to The Lovers in regular tarot.



This is about important decisions to be made and choices. On the card it looks like Venus and her son Eros, which is where the love comes in. She is giving the male figure the crown which seems like a chivalrous concept of affection and appreciation rather than a sensual act of love.

And the bible passage I randomly picked to go with this is:

Ezekiel 29: 6-7

6 Then all who live in Egypt will know that I am the Lord.

“‘You have been a staff of reed for the people of Israel. 7 When they grasped you with their hands, you splintered and you tore open their shoulders; when they leaned on you, you broke and their backs were wrenched.

I was a bit iffy on my Israel/Babylonian history so a brief pause to set the scene.

At one point ancient Israel was divided into two kingdoms. The Kingdom of Israel in the north and the Kingdom of Judah in the south. The north Kingdom fell to the Assyrians around 722 B.C.E. and Judah fell to Babylon around 586 B.C.E. Jerusalem was burned and left in ruins and the Israeli nation went into exile and capture in Babylon.

At the time of Ezekiel, good old Nebuchadnezzar II (from the Book of Daniel) was ruling Babylon. Egypt had promised military aid to Israel in their rebellion against Babylon. When the time came Egypt did not uphold this promise, and Israel regretted trusting the Pharaoh, and remained in captivity in Babylon until the Persians conquered Babylon around 538 B.C.E. God punished Egypt for this betrayal with their own exile.

The odd thing was that this morning when I was meditating I was really tuning into the way my body felt, perhaps aware for the first time of sensations. I kept thinking about my back and all the weight on it and no wonder it felt like it was breaking.

In relation to the bible passage—maybe it’s silly—but I feel like I am the Pharaoh who wrenched the back of my body and my body touched me for a moment in my mind and said “Wow, you noticed.” I felt some affection for the poor thing, lumbering (or lumbar-ing to play with the word) under such burdens without the support it had been promised.

The bit about tearing open their shoulders would refer to my tendinitis and neck pain that has bothered me since the 80s. My body trusted and leaned on me and I let it down. Thus I went into the exile of chronic pain.

But exile doesn’t last forever, even for Pharaoh. My decision and awareness will this time carry me out of captivity.

I was struck today by how handsome the backs of these cards are and how well they go together.


Gemelli in the Mouth of the Whale

Daily Draw June 22nd, 2011

Today Job has come to call, specifically Job 31:16-23. In this part he is defending himself and claiming his charitable behaviour toward the poor; he wouldn’t hurt anyone because he fears God. I gather he was accused of being a rotter and this passage, in part, is his defense and outline of his real mercy.

Job 31:16-23

16 “If I have denied the desires of the poor
or let the eyes of the widow grow weary,
17 if I have kept my bread to myself,
not sharing it with the fatherless—
18 but from my youth I reared them as a father would,
and from my birth I guided the widow—
19 if I have seen anyone perishing for lack of clothing,
or the needy without garments,
20 and their hearts did not bless me
for warming them with the fleece from my sheep,
21 if I have raised my hand against the fatherless,
knowing that I had influence in court,
22 then let my arm fall from the shoulder,
let it be broken off at the joint.
23 For I dreaded destruction from God,
and for fear of his splendor I could not do such things.

And to go with that, from the Minchiate I picked…


Wasn’t Gemellus the kid with the cough who got his head whacked off by Macro by order of Caligula in I Claudius by Robert Graves? Yes, that’s right and Gemellus was a twin. In real life he was much older when he died rather than a child, and his twin brother died in infancy. The word gemellus or gemelli is derived from the Latin word geminus, meaning twin or twin-born, and is like a nickname.

I find it interesting that in the Brian Williams Minchiate Tarot the twins are depicted as male but in the Ancient Minchiate Etruria, they are female. The twins of Gemini are usually Castor and Pollux. I didn’t realize that they were Leda’s children, born from the incident where Zeus took the form of a swan and ravaged her. I first became aware of Leda and the swan through the Leonardo da Vinci Tarot where I did a study on the card depicting Leda in a long-ago tarot group. In mythology Leda gave birth to two eggs, one containing the boys Castor and Pollux, and one containing the girls Helen and Clytemnestra, which explains the two genders on these cards.

Twins are two sides, which is like Job and his bad and good side, the side he willed himself to use more often. Because someone mirrors you, does not mean you should follow what they do, the wrath of God notwithstanding. Be good and don’t hurt or lie to people and you will find doubled reward.

Castor and Pollux were known for their amazing goodness and bravery, much like we know Job from his complete story rather than the rumours of his contemporaries.

Double the intelligence and goodness, and perhaps a hint of indecisiveness with this card. There is always a bit of indecision between good and evil with humans. The booklet with the Etruria mentions adaptability and critical sense, but Job reminds me that it is a moral sense, and adapting to the will of others is not always intelligent or good.

A Coin for the King’s Proverbial Friend

Daily Draw January 27th, 2011

I’ve been stuck on my Minchiate draws because for almost a year, the fabric cover for my NIV Quest Study Bible lay unfinished. Now it’s done and I can get back to random draws and random passages with this deck. This is one of my rotating studies with specific books and decks, and I find that I have to be in the mood for a meander with these. I’m up at 3:30 a.m. so feel like a meander. Due to a back injury I can no longer read in bed, so it’s cards in the a.m. for me.

SEVEN OF COINS – Sette de Denari

Premonitory dreams, extravagant visions, forebodings, illusions, in the Minchiate Etruria, and Brian Williams in The Minchiate Tarot describes this as progress, a step forward, or an admirable feat.

Hmmm, perhaps one can retain visions of admirable feats and thus bring them to fruition? Forebodings seems to have a negative connotation of fear, but I think there is something generally fearful about having visions of what is to come. That could explain why I don’t care for reading tarot cards, I’ve been spooked a couple of times and prefer not to know.

Today’s passage is from Proverbs 22:11.

He who loves a pure heart and whose speech is gracious will have the king for his friend.

This chapter in Proverbs is generally about having the foresight to conduct your life in edifying ways. Foresight and foreboding are similar words in that they look forward seemingly. The word “bode” come from the Old English bodian, which means “to announce,” so the evil or disaster that has been tacked onto this word is not really true to the base meaning, it could be any announcement. We think of forward but the root of “fore” is before, so before it happens.

Kings are like rock stars, they are surrounded by greedy liars and manipulators, so having people around them with pure hearts would be a relief I expect: someone to trust and rely on, someone whose motivations you don’t have to worry about. Not a leeching hanger-on but an ally who has integrity.

Impure people may seem gracious superficially, then they fumble and show their real selves. Aren’t we all impure? I suppose, but grace implies good conscience, an eye to God, not human manipulation and guile. The king needs a pure heart to advise him before events; it’s an interesting tie-in with the Minchiate cards.

I do get a sense of health issues here too, probably just because my head is all wrapped up in that lately–the disaster waiting to happen. A vision toward rectifying my health before it’s too late comes to mind. In a way it is too late, but with a pure heart and grace, who knows what king shall be an ally in my progress?

The Minchiate Quest, and Resurrecting Projects

I puttered away and cleaned off my dining room table, thus enabling me to resurrect some creative projects. One of those projects was for the book cover for the NIV Quest Study Bible with annotations that I am using with my study of the Minchiate deck.

I have all kinds of these small attendant, books and figures and such to use with my cards. I find them a cheery sort of thing, part play, part random creativity.

I’m hoping to finish this today and thus have the impetus to meander a bit with the Minchiate. Here’s a little snap of the progress. The embroidery I did last year, and yesterday I completed the quilt block Cross and Crown to go with it. I still have to do a bit of embroidery on the inner front flap too.

Soon, soon….

Moses Meets the Water Bearer

Daily Draw February 2nd, 2010

Back to the NIV Quest Study Bible and the Minchiate today. Today’s random passage is from Deuteronomy 9:17

“So I took the two tablets and threw them out of my hands, breaking them to pieces before your eyes.”

Moses and God get fed up with the Israelites that Moses had led out of slavery in Egypt, because while Moses was speaking to God, fasting, and receiving the commandments inscribed by God on these two stone tablets, the people had made an idol of gold in the shape of a calf, which was a big sin and a bit of a slap in the face to God who was bothering mightily with their welfare.

Some interesting notations in the border: We have assumed that the two tablets contained the commandments written out completely on both stones, but actually in history when tablets like this were drawn up in a common procedure for writing treaties, one of the tablets was a duplicate, much like a carbon copy, so that both sides involved in the agreement would have a record of the treaty. Each side would store the tablet in a temple of their god. In this case, God had a copy for himself, and Israel had a copy so both tablets were stored in the ark of the covenant. I don’t imagine God really needed a copy but as a formality and symbol of agreement, it would have impressed people more to have the conventional duplicate.

Also, why worship a calf? The impetus could have come from two common symbols: the Canaanite god Baal, the god of fertility and strength, or the Egyptian god Apis, a bull, because having been in captivity in Egypt, the Israelites would have known this god well.

I found it a bit strange that God told Moses to chisel out the stone tablets and then God wrote on them–it would have been easier to have God blast them out of rock and prepare them, but the act of the man in preparing them seems to have been symbolic of the covenant I think. Moses also made the ark to store them in himself. The act was sacred, as much a part of the mutual ritual as the treaty.


This is Aquarius the Water Bearer in astrology, the eleventh sign of the Zodiac which starts on January 21st. The constellation looks like a jug with a stream of water pouring from it, or if more stars are added you can see the male figure holding the jug. Okay, like all constellations, it’s a bit of a stretch, but that’s human imagination for you.

This figure of the water carrier apparently dates as far back as the Babylonians, and perhaps earlier. This constellation was the rain god Hapi to the Egyptians and associated with rain and the flooding of the Nile, which brought fertility and growth of food. The Greeks associated the constellation with the Trojan Prince Ganymede written about by Virgil and Ovid. Ganymede was stolen by Zeus and thereafter served the gods nectar at their feasts. Well, in mythological parlance he was cup-bearer to the gods, not a toady but holding a respected, official position and given immortality. He also became Zeus’s lover so quite often is a symbol of homosexual love or at least breathtaking male beauty. Sometimes Aquarius is depicted as a farmer pouring water on his crops, rather like the Egyptian rain god I expect and the bounty of the fountains of the Nile. In Hindu mythology he is called kumbha or “water-pitcher” or just “pitcher,” another example of how the Greeks influenced India.

I am not a student of astrology so I had never realized this aspect of nourishing water or nectar with Aquarius. It is a sign associated with Air and intellect. I tend to associate it with the Magician card because the fellow who introduced me to tarot felt the Magician archetype fit him, and he was an Aquarius in his birth sign.

As far as meaning, this fellow is very altruistic and idealistic; creative, scientific, and on the shadow side, a little too capricious and up in the clouds, very impractical. Perhaps because of the water, a classic symbol of emotion, he is considered to have an open heart and mind. It seems to me that nourishment of mind and heart requires one to be open as a human.

He is a bit like Moses in his nurturing aspect, seeing to the needs of others, offering them nourishment or spiritual nourishment for the heart and mind. Also interceding for mercy as Moses did when God wanted to kill the Israelites, and also like Moses perhaps prone to the rarefied air of the mountain at the expense of remembering the fears and worries of the mundane world. An ideal, like Moses was (and is) too for people. Pouring water, giving with his hands as Moses did when chiseling stone and fashioning wood into a beautiful ark for the covenant of God and his people.

There are certainly similarities between Moses and Aquarius, and perhaps the notion of not worshipping beauty too much, of being of practical use in the world, rather than being a whiner who makes golden calves of their restless need. Nourish yourself and your spirituality, give and create.